Chapter 18: Directories and Links

In this chapter, we conclude our discussion of file-related topics by looking at directories and links. After an overview of their implementation, we describe the system calls used to create and remove directories and links. We then look at library functions that allow a program to scan the contents of a single directory and to walk through (i.e., examine each file in) a directory tree.

Each process has two directory-related attributes: a root directory, which determines the point from which absolute pathnames are interpreted, and a current working directory, which determines the point from which relative pathnames are interpreted. We look at the system calls that allow a process to change both of these attributes.

18 Directories and Links
18.1 Directories and (Hard) Links
18.2 Symbolic (Soft) Links
18.3 Creating and Removing (Hard) Links: link() and unlink()
18.4 Changing the Name of a File: rename()
18.5 Working with Symbolic Links: symlink() and readlink()
18.6 Creating and Removing Directories: mkdir() and rmdir()
18.7 Removing a File or Directory: remove()
18.8 Reading Directories: opendir() and readdir()
18.9 File Tree Walking: nftw()
18.10 The Current Working Directory of a Process
18.11 Operating Relative to a Directory File Descriptor
18.12 Changing the Root Directory of a Process: chroot()
18.13 Resolving a Pathname: realpath()
18.14 Parsing Pathname Strings: dirname() and basename()
18.15 Summary
18.16 Exercises

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